has since advised the shipping industry 'to exercise extreme caution and even re-route their vessels to avoid the dangerous areas.'
Between 1995 and 2013, 41 percent of incidents of piracy occurred in Southeast Asia, with the corridor being one of the major hot spots, according to ReCAAP
According to ReCAAP
, the waters around the remote Natuna Islands, which sit between peninsular Malaysia and Borneo but belong to Indonesia, are a hot spot for piracy and illegal fuel transfers.
Two criticisms that can be made are that there is unnecessarily repetitive generic discussion of IMB and ReCAAP
data in several chapters, and likewise with discussions of legal issues related to piracy.
allows countries to better coordinate efforts among its member countries.
Regarding regional governance--and piracy specifically--the best example is ReCAAP
, the "first regional government-to-government agreement to promote and enhance cooperation against piracy and armed robbery in Asia." (22) The agreement, finalized in 2004, did not come into force until 4 September 2006.
(4) In this regard, three areas used by Japan as platforms for reinforcing its normative power are analysed: peace building (with peace-brokering), promotion of human security, and relying on regional initiatives (the case of ReCAAP
Since then, however, various maritime-security initiatives in the region whose births she observed, including the various Malacca Strait patrols and the ReCAAP
information exchange, have matured.
Information Sharing Center (ISC) in Singapore now
(90) These include the 2004 Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery (ReCAAP
); the 2008 Sub-Regional Coast Guard Network for the West and Central African Regions, under the auspices of the Maritime Organization for West and Central Africa (MOWCA); and the 2009 Djibouti Code of Conduct Concerning the Repression of Piracy and Armed Robbery Against Ships in the Western Indian Ocean and the Gulf of Aden (Djibouti Code of Conduct).
Leaders were of the opinion that the regional initiatives such as the Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia (ReCAAP
), the Djibouti Code of Conduct concerning the Repression of Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in the Western Indian Ocean and the Gulf of Aden with the IMO Djibouti Code Trust Fund, and the Malacca and Singapore Straits patrols were effective and deserved further support.
Seven robbers armed with knives and short swords boarded the Panama-registered-tanker High Energy from a small fishing boat just after midnight off the Indonesian island of Anambas, according to an incident alert from the ReCAAP
Information Sharing Center.