Except for socioeconomic level, religiosity, and level of physical activity, the remaining variables showed association among these risk factors and REDB.
Table 2 shows that in the multivariate analysis, the variables: problematic consumption of alcohol, female sex, consumption of any illegal substance at any moment in life, non-heterosexual sexual orientation, depressive symptoms with clinical importance, cigarette smoking at any moment in life, and family dysfunction were associated to REDB, with OR values between 1.
16) observed that REDB increased with age, while Gonzalez-Juarez et al.
In the current research it was noted that women showed a higher proportion of REDB compared to men; said data agrees with most.
5) In terms of the relationship between depressive symptoms with clinical importance and REDB our study showed relationship between these two variables, a finding that coincides with that reported by other authors like Herpertz-Dahlmann et al.
23) Regarding sexual orientation, non-heterosexual students showed higher risk of REDB compared to heterosexual students; the aforementioned has been explained a greater concern for the body shape and weight control, particularly in non-heterosexual males.
The religious beliefs or convictions can be important factors in REDB in some contexts, above all in that related to self-punishments and sacrifices in some religions.
The findings from the current study corroborate the complexity of the problem of eating behavior disorders in adolescent populations, which is why it is necessary for the strategies of promoting healthy eating behavior and prevention and reduction of REDB to be comprehensive, with an interdisciplinary approach and guaranteeing participation from different sectors to encompass all the aspects involving this problem.
7) From this study, it may be concluded that the prevalence of REDB is high in adolescent students from Cartagena, Colombia.