RFNMRequest for Next Message
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These confirmations are sent by the host, instead of the first-hop router to which that host is connected, and are called acknowledgments (ACKs) instead of RFNMs. (173)
The ARPANET placed primary responsibility for congestion management on the IMP connected to the receiving host, which used RFNMs as a form of flow control to ensure that it did not receive more packets than it could handle.
(173) Cerf & Kahn, supra note 135, at 643; see also Saltzer et al., supra note 121, at 282 (relating that RFNMs were "never found to be very helpful" because they did not indicate "whether or not the target host acted on the message").