As an elaboration of the SADC developmental agenda, the RISDP is premised on a holistic approach to human development focused on the well-being of the SADC citizen.
As in the case of the UN after 1945, the fundamental challenge for this grandiose framework is the fact that RISDP and SIPO have developed distinct institutional identities that separate rather than integrate them.
RISDP is being implemented without defining the role and effect of elements of political and military security, assuming that these are appropriately dealt with under the SIPO, and vice versa.
To effectively use the RISDP and SIPO to address threats to human well-being, SADC will have to overcome the artificial gulf between the two plans by promoting greater synergy between them.
This means that the Secretariat should take advantage of overlapping areas in the RISDP and SIPO plans of action to ensure joint planning and reviews as well as monitoring of progress.
SADC Secretariat needs to develop a structured relationship with major African development finance institutions like the DBSA on the basis of combined needs arising from SIPO and RISDP.
This will, necessarily, require that donor programmes strengthen synergy between RISDP and SIPO for purposes of increasing the social impact of SADC interventions.
Civil society has the task of providing public goods and enhancing good citizenship; and promoting a wide-spread public discourse including achieving holistic human security through strong synergy between the RISDP and SIPO arms of SADC's strategic regional agenda (Edwards 2004).