This is the first study to provide data on racial disparities in SAM and YPLL using SAMMEC
. These data are valuable for Missouri's tobacco control program for documenting and evaluating changes in tobacco-related racial disparities in the state.
(18.) These estimates are unpublished and were estimated from Smoking-Attributable Mortality Morbidity and Economic Cost (SAMMEC
) data maintained by the Office on Smoking and Health at the CDC.
(2002) and the help pages in the MCH SAMMEC
software (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2004)
State-specific SAM and YPLL from smoking were estimated by using SAMMEC
. Sex- and age-specific SAMs were calculated by multiplying the total number of deaths among adults aged [greater than or equal to]35 years from 19 diseases caused by cigarette smoking (1) by estimates of the smoking-attributable fraction (SAF)([dagger]) of preventable deaths for each disease.
The adult and the maternal and child health SAMMEC
software modules were used to estimate SAM, YPLL, and productivity losses attributed to diseases caused by smoking.
Smoking-attributable mortality, morbidity, and economic costs (SAMMEC
): adult and maternal and child health software.
used national and state-specific maternal smoking prevalence estimates for 1997 by using birth certificate data collected by the National Center for Health Statistics from all areas except California, Indiana, New York state (outside of New York City), and South Dakota.
The Smoking-Attributable Mortality, Morbidity, and Economic Costs (SAMMEC
) software program has also been used for calculating these estimates (2).
uses smoking prevalence and relative risks for smoking-related diseases to calculate smoking-attributable fractions (the proportions of deaths attributable to cigarette smoking).
uses attributable risk formulas to estimate the number of deaths from neoplatic, cardiovascular, respiratory, and pediatric disease associated with cigarette smoking .
II software can be used to estimate the effects of smoking and has been distributed to all 50 states and the District of Columbia.
The development of ARDI software follows the successful use of Smoking-Attributable Mortality, Morbidity, and Economic Costs (SAMMEC
) software [6,7] that produced both national  and state-level [9,10] estimates of the disease impact of cigarette smoking.