SAODAPSpecial Action Office for Drug Abuse Prevention (Executive Office of the President)
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NIDA (SAODAP's successor agency) and LEAA negotiated an interagency agreement whereby 10% of all new federal treatment funding would be specifically reserved for criminal justice system referrals.
Because in some cases NIMH and LEAA were funding the same program, one of SAODAP's first tasks was to establish a more appropriate division of responsibility between the two agencies with respect to TASC.
Since each TASC project was required to collect data on evaluation criteria that had been delineated by SAODAP (e.g., number of arrestees screened, number of clients entering TASC, number of first-time offenders, number referred to treatment, number completing treatment), LEAA officials found themselves using the positive results from the TASC projects to justify the agency's budget.
From the time of its gradual assumption of the criminal justice/drug treatment activities of SAODAP in 1973 until the end of the decade, the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) actively promoted collaboration between the two systems, basing its authorization to do so upon the Drug Abuse Office and Treatment Act of 1972: "The Secretary shall make grants (for Drug Abuse Prevention, Treatment, and Rehabilitation Programs) within State and local Criminal Justice Systems" (Sec.
It is doubtful that the program could have been developed as quickly and as fully as it was, even with support from legislators, without the cooperation of the Single State Agency and the State Planning Agency, a cooperative interaction that SAODAP, LEAA, and NIDA had previously encouraged through their various initiatives.
Priority was reflected in the creation of SAODAP and later NIDA, special agencies, and policy groups charged specifically with increasing the availability of treatment, especially for drug-abusing offenders; in the passage of enabling legislation; and in the generous funding and categorical grants provided for treatment generally and for collaborative activities between the criminal justice and the drug treatment systems.
A third circumstance that facilitated federal efforts at linkages was the relationship among the directors of the critical agencies (SAODAP, LEAA, and NIDA).
Given this combination of supporting factors, SAODAP and other federal agencies created a nationwide network of community-based treatment programs, set up TASC projects in many communities, and established or strengthened other linkages between the criminal justice and drug treatment systems.
One of the main weaknesses of SAODAP was its built-in three-year time limitation.
One strong limiting factor was the failure of the Reagan and Bush administrations to understand what made SAODAP so effective--the authority to "make heads roll," as President Nixon said.