SBCD can provide a procedure to engage teachers in lesson planning, implementation, and evaluation for their teaching so that they can collaborate with other teachers, construct their own knowledge base, and gather comments from other faculties.
This idea provided a direction to consider in relation to how computers can support teacher PCK development via a series of organized and goal-oriented activities in the SBCD.
The mechanism not only provides a shared work space, but also links the collaborative space of curriculum development participants on each level of SBCD (see Fig.
The main tasks during this stage included: (1) holding workshops to train participants to understand the proposed model of SBCD and the lesson study procedure, and to familiarize them with the operation of the supporting system EDUPLAN; (2) holding many small group discussions for each level to guide the participants in thinking about how EDUPLAN can be used for school-based curriculum development; and (3) gathering suggestions regarding EDUPLAN for system developers.
The main procedures for the creation mechanism were as follows: First, the members of the school committee of SBCD developed the curriculum framework for the whole school; second, the members of each grade committee of SBCD designed numerous lesson plan templates for their grade by referring to the curriculum framework; and finally, teacher groups collaboratively designed lesson plans by referring to the lesson plan templates.
The stable production of lesson plans demonstrated that teachers gradually accepted the stratified SBCD as a method of PCK development (see Fig.
The difference demonstrates that the school curriculum development committee better understood that the stratified SBCD can help teachers to develop PCK.
This study also found that the participants engaged in SBCD were more willing to collaborate with teachers at different grades than those not yet engaged in SBCD.
That is, both teacher PCK and school curriculum are developed together during SBCD.
For example, the fact that the third country or reciprocity provisions of the SBCD
will apply from 1993 may be seen by some companies as a way of forcing them to invest in the EC.