The SBMs are kept in place by securing them to the seabed by chains and anchor piles and each one is fitted with a large bearing (4 metres in diameter) which allows the tanker and the floating hose string to rotate completely during the crude oil loading operation and also transfer the mooring load of the tanker to the anchoring chains.
The Company has exported all its crude oil through the SBMs since 1967.
Head of Marine Operations Captain Atiq Ahmed said: "Oil loading operations at SBMs are the safest, most environmentally responsible, efficient and cost effective method."
Work on replacing the aging SBMs began in 2013 after instructions from Infrastructure Director Sami Baqi.
They said NIOTC's skills in maintaining SBMs in Assaluyeh, Kharg and Bahregansar regions have prompted petroleum companies in Azerbaijan to bid for cooperating with NIOTC to carry out related projects.
A Single buoy mooring (SBM) (also known as single-point mooring or SPM) is a loading buoy anchored offshore, that serves as a mooring point and interconnect for tankers loading or offloading gas or liquid products.
We optimistically hope for the timely issuance of the notice of award and contract for your SBMS
acquisition so that we may be honored to have the SBMS
infrastructure realized, delivered, and installed during your incumbency and just in time for the Apec (Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation) meeting in the Philippines, Haim's letter said.
In the intent-to-treat analysis, improvements in SBM
frequency were significant in all dosage groups.
One is an SBM
copolymer of polystyrene, 1,4-polybutadiene, and syndiotactic PMMA.
17 to review the SBMS deal with Israel to see if it complied with the Convention of Cluster Munitions.
Three days later, Eal Ben Haim, acting president of Israel Military Industries, wrote President Aquino to remind him of the SBMS contract.
According to Haim, the Israeli government used the SBMS as formidable defense and tested interceptor.