Assessments were made both before and after SCTM training, as well as at the end of a master's program.
The skills instruction made use of five training steps: (a) demonstrations of SCTM counseling skills in sets of six, (b) skills practice by pairs of students using role-playing while the rest of the group observes, (c) self-assessments of role-playing performance, (d) feedback by peers and the supervisor, and (e) additional practice by counselors-in-training concentrating on missed or incorrectly performed skills.
Hypothesis 5: Those participants who complete SCTM training will demonstrate greater improvement in counseling skills as measured by the SCS than will those who complete IPR training.
Forty-seven participants were in the SCTM group, and 9 participants were in the IPR training group.
Moreover, as described in detail later in this article, researchers of the SCTM
and SGCTM (Smaby et al.
Participants' scores on the Skilled Counseling Scale (SCS), which is based on the SCTM
, and Counseling Skills and Personal Development Rating Form (CSPD-RF) were used as predictors of social influence rating by clients as measured by the Counselor Rating Form-Short version (CRF-S).
There has been some evidence that participants receiving SCTM
(Skilled Counselor Training Model) training increased their counseling self-efficacy (Urbani, Smith, Smaby, Maddux, Torres-Rivera, and Crews, 2002).
All participants received the SCTM
training early in their program of study and were encouraged to use these skills during practicum and internship experiences.
Participants were 13 master's-degree students who completed a semester-long training program similar to the SCTM
, which we discuss later in this article.
emphasizes modeling, mastery, persuasion, arousal, and supervisory feedback during counseling training as key elements to promote skills acquisition, self-appraisal of counseling skills, self-monitoring behavior, and cognitive complexity.
uses as its foundation the SGCTM's emphasis on mastery, modeling, persuasion, and arousal as key elements to promote acquisition of skills, self-appraisal of counseling skills, and counseling self-efficacy.
SDC supports SCTM
advocacy department to represent municipalities before the central government and support its members to implement policies and regulations.