Although the recognition of addiction as a mental/brain disorder has led to effective preventive measures, treatment approaches, and public health policies according to the WADD, the WPA (Section on Dual Disorders), and the SEPD, this conceptualization is still being questioned by certain opinion groups.
In this regard, the SEPD would like to clarify that "nobody chooses to become addicted." Whilst contact with drugs or substances with abuse potential is determined by social factors, vulnerability to addiction is determined by individual factors (National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2007).
In view of the above the WADD, the WPA (Section on Dual Disorders) and the SEPD have joined forces to draw up the following 10-point statement.
The Table 1 enlists the institutions, organizations and associations that have joined the statement of the WADD, WPA (Section on Dual Disorders), and SEPD.
Pictured at the opening are university representatives, (from left) academic librarian Celia Poole, deputy vice-chancellor Professor Fen Arthur and the dean of SEPD
, Dr Freda Bridge, with Learning and Skills Council representatives Margaret Cobb and Steph Bowers.
PAHO/WHO and DGPNSD, through SEPD and INPRFM, developed a multistage work plan to establish a clearly-defined strategy for the implementation of the initiative, through the formation of a leading team composed of a DDs expert from each institution.
During day one, expert meetings were held; in these, researchers from SEPD and INPRFM were responsible for presenting the scientific basis of the theoretical and conceptual aspects of DDs such as: epidemiology, treatment services, and human resource training.