The area consists of four canals, three of which are owned by the Canadian federal government and maintained by the SLSMC, the: (1) South Shore Canal; (2) Beauharnois Canal; and (3) Iroquois Canal.
Further, Congress mandated the SLSDC collaborate with the SLSMC to "construct, operate and maintain that part of the St.
In Canada, the Minister of Transport grants the SLSMC exclusive authority to manage the locks and any real property involved in the functioning of the MTS.
The SLSMC provides direction to users through the Seaway Handbook.
Ultimately, as no statutory provisions govern the operating season or lock dimensions, users lack options if the SLSMC fails to follow these procedures, thereby limiting accountability.
For example, an organization sought rulemaking on the "process and criteria the [SLSDC] uses to set the season open date for the [SLS]." (66) In denying the petition, the administrator relied on several factors, including the fact that there was already a "process" in place: a factor analysis conducted jointly between the SLSDC and SLSMC. (67) This attempt at bilateral collaboration, however, often results in confusion and uncertainty for MTS users.
For example, Environment Canada operates services and notifications to determine ice coverage on the Great Lakes, and the SLSMC (and the Ministry of Transport) governs the use of the real property of the Seaway, while the CCG manages the safe passage of ships along it.
(95) In Canada, responsibility for safety regulations resides with Transport Canada and the SLSMC.
As with other areas of responsibility, the SLSDC works with the SLSMC to enforce safety regulations in the portions of the MTS where these entities bear responsibility.