The main scientific institutions behind SLICA are Statistics Greenland; the Department of Political Science, University of Tromso, Norway; the Centre for Research in International Migration and Ethnic Relations, University of Stockholm, Sweden; the Arctic Centre, University of Lappland, Finland; the Barents Centre for Social Research, the Kola Peninsula, Russia; the Russian Association of Indigenous Peoples of the North, Moscow, Russia; the Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska, Anchorage, U.S.A.; and the Groupe d'etudes inuit et circumpolaires (GETIC) of Laval University, Quebec City, Canada.
The mapping will facilitate intraand international comparisons of the level of the living conditions in a number of dimensions; (4) to improve the basis for decision making in relation to policy planning and implementation; (5) to establish an interdisciplinary network of researchers and research institutions engaged in studying Arctic living conditions; and (6) to educate and involve postdocs, PhD candidates, and undergraduates under the SLICA project.
SLICA employs a hybrid of structured survey and ethnographic techniques to interview a random sample of approximately 23000 indigenous people in 13 Arctic regions and some 250 communities in the seven countries.
By 1997, Birger Poppel (Chief Statistician, Statistics Greenland) and Thomas Andersen (Project Manager of SLICA, Statistics Greenland) had consulted with researchers, indigenous organizations, and governments in Canada, Norway, Sweden, Finland, the United States, and Russia about the idea of launching an international study of living conditions in the Arctic.
At the first SLICA meeting in Denmark, in 1998, mentioned above, it was discussed how best to define and measure living conditions in the Arctic (McDougall, 1998).
The questionnaire design is a product of the international team of SLICA. At the 1998 meeting in Denmark, researchers from the eight regions established the theoretical, methodological, and organizational basis for the Survey of Living Conditions in the Arctic: Inuit, Saami and the Indigenous Peoples of Chukotka and the Kola Peninsula (McDougall, 1998).
On 1 October 2001, SLICA completed Phase 1, which included the development and pilot testing of a new research design for living-conditions research among Inuit and Saami peoples in the Arctic.
The SLICA country co-ordinators are Professor Jens- Ivar Neergard, University of Tromso, Norway; Professor Hugh Beach, University of Uppsala, Sweden; Professor Eline Helander, University of Lappland, Finland; Project Manager Thomas Andersen, Statistics Greenland, Greenland; Professor Gerard Duhaime, Universite Laval, Canada; Professor Emeritus Jack Kruse, University of Anchorage, United States; Larissa Abruitina, M.D., Russian Association of Indigenous Peoples of the North (RAIPON), and Professor Oleg Andreev, The Barents Centre for Social Research, Russia.
SLICA has received funding from the Nordic Council of Ministers, the Greenlandic Home Rule Government, the Commission for Scientific Research in Greenland, the Barents Secretariat, the North Atlantic Research Programme, the Danish Research Council of Social Science, the Swedish Research Council of Social Science, the Joint Committee on Research Councils for Nordic Countries, the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, the National Science Foundation (USA), Statistics Canada, and the Norwegian government.