SMNVStandard Marine Navigational Vocabulary
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The former SMNV (adopted in 1977, and further revised and amended in 1983 and 1985) was the first official step undertaken (4) towards the recognition of English as "a common language for international communications between ships and between ships and shore services" (IMO, 1977).
From the time the SMNV was in force until very recently, different authors have complained about the little use of these phrases in real-life situations and claim further investigation into this particular issue (De la Campa, 2007; De la Campa et al.
For a detailed analysis of the SMNV see Bocanegra Valle (1999) and Diaz Perez (2005).