“I really like Convaid wheelchairs,” Sobus
19, 23-24 (2005) ("[R]esearch and anecdotal evidence indicate that trial judges are usually no more capable than lay jurors in comprehending and interpreting complicated subject matter or in determining the reliability and value of an expert's testimony."); Sobus and Jacks, supra note 7, at 16 ("While we normally find that demographic characteristics such as education are some of the least helpful factors in predicting how a jury will evaluate the defense's case, there is some truth to the belief that, all other things being equal, the defense would rather be talking to a jury pool that has the capacity to understand the defense's scientific evidence, rather than people who are inclined to automatically take the simple path to verdict."); Tsongas and Monson, supra note 4.
(21) Sobus and Jacks, supra note 7, at 16 ("At a superficial level, it is actually not surprising that a jury would find a junk science theory appealing, even if the experts disagree.
The patterns of behavior associated with APD have sometimes been viewed as functional (e.g., Harpending & Sobus
, 1987; Murphy & Stich, 2000; Stevens & Price, 1996).
As Jacks and Sobus
point out, "Jurors are quite capable of awarding millions to a plaintiff they intensely dislike and then condemning the defense for dredging up irrelevant personal information about that plaintiff."
Since the beginning of the continuous NHANES program in 1999 (CDC 2016b), 265 chemicals in total have been included in NHANES biomonitoring studies (Sobus et al.
So, although the number of peer-reviewed publications utilizing NHANES biomarker data has increased steadily over the last 10 y (Sobus et al.
Tan YM, Sobus
J, Chang D, Tornero-Velez R, Goldsmith M, Pleil J, et al.
By providing a comprehensive list of associations from NHANES, the relative strength of association can be considered rather than attempting to interpret p-values in light of the extensive multiple testing inherent with this data set (Sobus
Regarding chemical biomarkers, issues related to specificity, method sensitivity, and biological relevance are well documented and generally agreed upon (NRC 2006; Sobus
One further source of uncertainty in exposure estimates based on biomarker concentrations is their relationship to the internal biologically effective dose (Sobus
Although four- to six-ring particulate-phase PAHs, notably benzo[a] pyrene, have been classified as known or probable human carcinogens, their concentrations in air tend to be low and difficult to measure (Sobus