We conducted a linear discriminant function analysis as a predictive discriminant analysis (Finch, 2010) to assess whether any combination of SPAFF scores could discriminate between clients who dropped out after one session and those who returned for a fourth session.
We conducted the second discriminant function to assess whether any combination of SPAFF scores could discriminate between counselors whose clients dropped out after one session and counselors whose clients returned for a fourth session.
Finally, we conducted two sets of between-subjects ANOVAs to follow up the discriminant function analysis to determine if there were any differences in any of the specific SPAFF codes for clients who returned compared with those who dropped out, or the counselors for these two client groups.
The results of the analysis revealed that the number of seconds of the SPAFF code of tension, F(1, 58) = 4.
The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of positive, negative, and neutral affect exchanges in the counseling relationship using the SPAFF (Gottman & Krokoff, 1989).
The discriminant function analysis was applied to the analysis of SPAFF codes in the context of the therapeutic relationship, which allowed for the correct classification of 94.
Although there have been researchers using the SPAFF to investigate other relationships outside of the marital dyad (Erzar et al.