In two other studies with a similar age group, scores on the SPBI for relativistic thinking and for dialectical thinking (which together constitute postformal thinking) were higher than for formal thinking, but did not differ from each other (Kahlbaugh & Kramer, 1995; Kramer et al.
1992) found that the correlation of scores obtained in the interview with the scores from the SPBI was .
The three main tasks (MIT, SPBI, DTT) were administered to participants in counterbalanced order, taking about 40 minutes.
The SPBI yields three scores (formal, relativistic and dialectic), but the latter two represent different facets of postformal thinking.
The results indicated that SPBI showed satisfactory discriminant validity and further revealed that the three-choice forced-choice SPBI version could distinguish the preeminent and preferable thinking mode used by each participant from among the three levels of cognitive development.
However, because SPBI is a forced-choice test, a high score in one mode of thinking necessarily leads to a lower score in another mode.
Kahlbaugh and Kramer (1995) employed the Likert version of SPBI and Kramer's Paradigm Interview (KPI; Kramer, 1990) to explore the relationship between relativism and identity crisis in young adulthood.
TANK TRUCKS which are used to transport OBF from Pertamina's installation depots to other depots, and further down to SPBU, SPBI, SPBA, APMS, DPPU, Kerosene Agent, KUD, bunkers and other facilities serving the end-users.
The flow of OBF for industrial plants is basically the same as in the OBF for gas stations, but instead of SPBU, the tip of the chain is SPBI.
The OBF for marine vessel follows the same chain as that for gas station and industrial plant, but instead of SPBU and SPBI, the OBF transported into bunkers, then pumped into the vessel.