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TBI group Control group p value Mean Standard Mean Standard (M) deviation (M) deviation (SD) (SD) SQoL 56.54 16.56 84.64 13.00 p < 0.001 SDI * 38.21 23.58 49.59 21.09 p = 0.135 SDI Dyadic * 26.38 18.67 37.38 15.76 p = 0.027 SDI Individual * 4.62 7.23 2.72 5.31 p = 0.346 ISS 4744 14.75 22.61 8.96 p < 0.001 Notes: * Kolmogorov-Smirnovand Shapiro-Wilk; p < 0.05.
Seven of nine items within the dimension internal psychological states were positively associated with the overall QOL in the SQOL. There was also a significant correlation between the overall QOL and the dimension interpersonal relationships: relationship with friends.
In this connection, it is of interest to compare the SQOL of the next of kin in this study with that of matched patients with MS in a study by Isaksson, Ahlstrom, and Gunnarsson (2005).
To use the SQOL together with an interview method is one way to attain validity (Kajandi, 2006).
In the quantitative part of the study, the choice of the SQOL questionnaire was based on its suitability for both healthy people and patients, both of which groups were included in previous studies (Bostrom & Ahlstrom, 2005; Edvardsson & Ahlstrom, 2009) as well as on its being available in Swedish.
The model's second tenet, derived from this concept, is that SQOL is disproportionately influenced by satisfaction within those domains that are more important (or more central) to the individual.
The third tenet of the present model is that people seek (and actively work) to achieve and maintain a maximal level of overall SQOL in terms of an internal and personally derived set-point.
These findings suggest that maintaining a positive level of SQOL is both normative and adaptive, from both the phylogenetic and the individual perspective.
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