Following this step, the two teachers practiced collecting data before collecting baseline data using the videos provided by the SSBD
The average volumes of SSBD
increased in all quadrants of the brain, and the brain as a whole, between the time of the baseline and follow-up scans.
That observation is consistent with findings by other researchers that changes in SSBD
volume are cerebrovascular in origin, according to the investigators (Am.
Thus, universal, proactive approaches to early detection such as the SSRS and SSBD
enable at-risk students to be identified early on so that interventions can be designed and implemented when these students are more amenable to treatment.
At Step 1, kindergarten and first grade teachers were provided with a definition and examples of externalizing and internalizing behavioral characteristics articulated in the ESP and SSBD
At Gate 2 of the SSBD
, each student is rated by his/her teacher on both the SSBD
Adaptive Behavior Scale and the SSBD
Maladaptive Behavior Scale.
(Walker & Severson, 1992) is a cost-effective, validated, multiple-gating procedure used to identify elementary-age students with behavior disorders.
At Step 1, kindergarten and first-grade teachers were provided with a definition and examples of externalizing and internalizing behavioral characteristics articulated in the ESP and SSBD
Because the SSBD
is not intended for students younger than 6 years old, a companion screening instrument, the Early Screening Project (ESP; Walker, Severson, & Feil, 1995), was used to identify at-risk kindergarten students.
At Gate 4, pairs of eligible children were matched for gender, designated 1st-grade teacher, SSBD
or TRF Internalizer or Externalizer, and TRF Total Problems score.
Each of the boys passed the three gates of the SSBD
and informed parental consent was obtained for their participation in this study.
Figure 2 illustrates the sequential, multiple gates of the SSBD