. It is widely reported that AD patients have a higher risk of depressive symptoms and a reduced capacity to cope with stress or anger [41, 44].
The mean for all anger scales, on the STAXI
, were less than the normative mean for adolescents reported by Spielberger (2010).
e formado por 44 itens que compoem seis escalas (Estado, Traco, Raiva para Fora, Raiva para Dentro, Controle e Expressao) e duas sub-escalas da escala de traco (temperamento e reacao de raiva).
Exploratory factor analysis yielded a seven factor solution for Urdu STAXI
. The factor structure was reasonably robust, whereas internal consistency and alternate form reliability were excellent.
As can be seen in table 1, the following group effects were significant: 1) the high distress group had higher scores than the low distress group on all 3 negative mood scales including the depression (CES-D), anxiety (STAI) and anger (STAXI
) scales; 2) the high distress group had a lesser tendency to forgive than the low distress group based on their higher (less optimal) scores; 3) the high vs.
Inventario de Expressao de Raiva como Estado e Traco (STAXI
; adaptacao e normatizacao brasileira: Biaggio, 1992/2003) Este instrumento avalia a agressividade atraves da mensuracao de experiencias e expressoes de raiva.
They also examined the association between PTSD and specific anger dimensions on the State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory (STAXI
) , including "anger-in," "anger-out," and "anger control." Anger-in involves the inhibition and nondisclosure of anger, as well as a ruminative focus on one's anger.
The meta-analysis suggested that MDT, family and individual (Apsche, Bass, & DiMeo, 2011) were effective in sexually aggressive and physically aggressive behaviors as well as reducing scores on the CBCL, Achenbach (1991), and STAXI
II, Spielberger (1999).
State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory (STAXI
: Spielberger, 1996).
The State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory (STAXI
) was developed by Spielberger and his colleagues to measure the experience, expression and control of anger (Spielberger, Krasner & Solomon, 1988).
Evidence of concurrent validity is demonstrated with significant correlations between the STAXI-2 and the Buss-Durkee Hostility Inventory, the Minnesota Multiphasic Inventory subscale Ho (Hostility), and the Minnesota Multiphasic Inventory subscale Hv (overt hostility) The STAXI
has been used extensively in the evaluation of anger-management programs (Bundy, 2001; Herrmann, 1999; Herrmann & McWhirter, 2003; Tarazon, 2003).