19) Analyses for the measure were run separately for each of the STBBI categories (because they are theoretically separate but also to mitigate multicollinearity).
Age, gender and professional role were not significantly associated with any of the STBBI category totals in bivariate associations, and therefore further subanalyses were not conducted with these variables.
Each STBBI category was examined for suitability for factor analysis.
The analysis corroborated the three-factor model of prejudice, stereotyping and discrimination for each form of STBBI stigma.
Internal consistency reliability for each total score and all subscales for each STBBI category were all acceptable to excellent (hepatitis C ranging from Cronbach's [alpha] = 0.
Scores on the AAS-Avoidance were correlated with total scale scores for the STBBI Stigma categories, indicating convergent validity (see Table 4).
The results demonstrate that answers differed by type of STBBI, F(1.
This study demonstrates the preliminary factor structure, reliability and validity of the STBBI Stigma Scale across four STBBI groups hepatitis C, HIV, other viral STBBIs and other bacterial STBBIs.
It is widely acknowledged that stigma is a considerable barrier to STBBI prevention, testing and treatment efforts in Canada.
While the application of the STBBI Stigma Scale is certainly promising, there are notable limitations to its initial development and pilot testing.
Limitations notwithstanding, the findings presented in this paper offer a preliminary view of the potential application of the STBBI Stigma Scale.