STIRAPStimulated Raman Adiabatic Passage
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The vast majority of published STIRAP papers have been done on atomic/molecular beams or ultracold gases.
In order to demonstrate STIRAP on a vapor (as opposed to an atomic beam or ultracold gas), we performed STIRAP on a vapor of sodium using coherent lasers with pulse widths of several picoseconds.
We have also demonstrated STIRAP on target atoms in a buffer gas at atmospheric pressure.
Such experiments represent not only the first picosecond STIRAP measurements, but also the first measurements on target species in a buffer gas beyond a 1 torr sample gas pressure.
One method, STIRAP, has been limited in the past to species in molecular beams or subatmospheric gas samples (low-pressure bulk gases).