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Collected from the above-mentioned NHP species, the diversified monkey plasma samples (obtained from whole blood which is drawn from veins or arteries after customizable anticoagulation treatment and centrifugal precipitation) from Creative Biolabs reveal negative to viruses like Herpes B Virus, retroviruses, SIV, SRV, & STLV, which are compliant to the tests like PCR, Western blot, immunoprecipitation, immunofluorescent flow cytometry.
Two new viruses, genetically related to HTLV-1 and 2 (although more related to their STLV counterparts), were discovered in the same geographical region, the rainforest part of Southern Cameroon, Central Africa.
We used a hunter-based field surveillance approach to investigate STLV diversity among primate bushmeat samples collected from 12 NHP species in different locations in Cameroon.
We did not find any evidence of STLV-2, HTLV-4-like STLV, or dual STLV-1 and STLV-3 infections as have been found in C.
We began an ongoing longitudinal serosurvey in 2004, sampling macaques from each of Gibraltar's 6 groups for 6 known enzootic nonhuman primate--borne viruses: SIV, CeHV-1, rhesus cytomegalovirus (RhCMV), STLV, SFV, and simian retrovirus (SRV).
None of the animals showed evidence of having been infected with SIV, SRV, an alphaherpesvirus antigenically related to CeHV-1, STLV, or with a CMV antigenically related to RhCMV.
Molecular epidemiology of simian T-lymphotropic virus (STLV) in wild-caught monkeys and apes from Cameroon: a new STLV-1, related to human T-lymphotropic virus subtype F, in a Cercocebus agilis.
Biological samples were collected from 39 rhesus macaques at the Swoyambhu Temple and tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Western blot, polymerase chain reaction, or combination of these tests for evidence of infection with rhesus cytomegalovirus (RhCMV), Cercopithecine herpesvirus 1 (CHV-1), simian virus 40 (SV40), simian retrovirus (SRV), simian T-cell lymphotropic virus (STLV), simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV), and simian foamy virus (SFV).
These included the following: 1) vaccination against hepatitis A (genus Hepatovirus) and measles (genus Morbillivirus); 2) serologic testing for cytomegalovirus (subfamily Betaherpesvirinae; positive), herpesvirus B (family Herpesviridae, negative), simian type D virus (simian retrovirus; SRV-1, -2, and-3; negative), simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV, genus Lentivirus; negative), simian T-lymphotropic virus (STLV, genus BLV-HTLV retroviruses; negative); 3) testing by polymerase chain reaction for SRV-1, -2, and -3 (negative); 4) Mantoux skin test for Mycobacterium tuberculosis (negative x4); and 5) treatment for endoparasites with albendazole and avermectin, for ectoparasites with insecticide dust, and for Plasmodium spp.
Furthermore, 1 of the calibration methods frequently used, in phylogenetic analyses, to estimate a time scale for the evolution of HTLV and simian T-cell leukemia virus (STLV) appears to coincide with the first human migrations to Melanesia and Australia 40,000-60,000 years ago (2).
Members of this family that infect humans are called HTLVs, and the ones that infect old world monkeys are called Simian T-lymph tropic viruses (STLVs) (6).
Genetic evidence suggests that they crossed into humans from simian T-lymphotropic viruses (STLVs) and that each type, plus various subtypes, have crossed independently.
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