SUPPHStrategies Used by Patients to Promote Health
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SUPPH. Self-care self-efficacy was measured with the SUPPH (Lev & Owen, 1996).
The reliability coefficient was .95 for the 23-item SUPPH used in this study.
Because a previous study (Robinson-Smith, 1993) emphasized the need to identify coping methods used by stroke patients, an open-ended question was included in the introduction to the SUPPH instrument.
Scores on the SUPPH, QLI-SV, from 1 to 6 months after stroke, and scores in the FIM instrument also increased from admission to discharge, but those on the CES-D decreased; the differences between these variables from 1 month to 6 months were statistically significant.
Tables 4 and 5 depict the relationship of the Coping subscale of the SUPPH to quality of life and depression.
The PD group had the highest scores in each of the three dimensions of the SUPPH (positive attitude, stress-reduction, and decision-making), although the scores were the same as the incenter HD group for both the positive attitude and decision making dimensions (see Table 2).
With regard to self-efficacy, the PD group scored highest in all three dimensions of the SUPPH, although the scores were tied with HD for both the positive attitude and decision-making dimensions.
A measure of self-care self-efficacy: Strategies Used by People to Promote Health (SUPPH).
Confirmatory factor evidence for the SUPPH. Paper presented at the 13th Annual Scientific Sessions of the Eastern Nursing Research Association, Atlantic City, NJ.
Of the 34 instruments in this review, only five (CHEQ, KDQ SUPPH, HSS, and CDQOLS) had some form of reliability and validity reported by the authors.