SOCCS. The SOCCS is a measure to assess counselors' ability to provide counseling to sexual minority people (Bidell, 2005).
The author examined the relationship between scores on the SCSMACS and scores on the SOCCS and MoSIEC (including subscale scores, component scores, and scores on two SCSMACS items) to evaluate convergent validity.
Thus, criterion validity was established by examining subscale and item correlations (using 2 items related to knowledge of sexual identity development) and correlations between the SCSMACS and the SOCCS (Bidell, 2005) and the MoSIEC (Worthington et al., 2008).
The weak correlations with the MoSIEC and the moderate to strong correlations on the SOCCS suggest that the SCSMACS is not just a measure of school counselors' levels of sexual orientation counselor competence or sexual identity exploration and commitment.
The SOCCS. The rational-empirical approach proposed by Dawis (1987) and used by Ponterotto et al.
Higher overall SOCCS and subscale scores indicate increased levels of sexual orientation counselor competency.
Empirical methods used in the development of other multicultural counselor competency instruments provided a framework for establishing the SOCCS and included factor analysis and reliability testing, as well as criterion, convergent, and divergent validity assessment (Dawis, 1987; Ponterotto et al., 1994).
Three measures that were anticipated to correlate with each of the SOCCS's subscales were used to verify convergent validity.
Overall, there was a significant change in SOCCS scores for the intervention but not the control group.
To test Hypothesis 2 (when controlling for previous training, there was a significant relationship between awareness of sexism and heterosexism and LGBTQ competency), a partial correlational analysis was conducted between the SOCCS and POI total scales by test administration.
With respect to the effect of Safe Space training on LGBTQ competency, an overall analysis (i.e., total SOCCS score) indicated a significant relationship existed between individuals who received the training and higher levels of knowledge, awareness, and skills.
Given that test-retest reliability of the SOCCS was relatively high, this was not likely a significant threat in this study.