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SoVISocial Vulnerability Index (Hazards and Vulnerability Research Institute)
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The use of the Social Vulnerability Index (SVI), an instrument developed and applied specifically for the city of Belo Horizonte, Brazil, contributes to a better understanding of the influence of environment and access to infrastructure on the occurrence of health/disease indicators.
Pursuant to the Pandemic and All-Hazards Preparedness Act of 2006 that cited public health and medical preparedness and response capabilities as a critical national need, the Geospatial Research, Analysis, and Services Program (GRASP) at Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry created a Social Vulnerability Index (SVI) database and mapping tool designed to assist state, local, and tribal disaster management officials in identifying the locations of their most socially vulnerable populations (Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry [ATSDR], 2018).
Yarnal, "A method for constructing a social vulnerability index: an application to hurricane storm surges in a developed country," Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, vol.
In Quebec, a social vulnerability index to high temperature events was developed using advanced age, low income, social isolation and low education.
In 2003, she and her colleagues used aggregate-analysis techniques to develop a "social vulnerability index" (SoVI) to compare disaster risks in communities across the country.
The Griffith University Social Vulnerability Index for Flood (GUSVIF) is, in mathematical summary, constructed with reference to the following equation:
To identify the at-risk populations, they are encouraged to use the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry's (ATSDR) Social Vulnerability Index. These all provide more flexibility for grantees to identify populations at risk for natural, chemical, and radiological events in addition to biological events.
(2003) were perhaps the first to develop a social vulnerability index (SoVI); they used data from the 1990 U.S.
Characteristics % fixed (95% IC) Gender Male 40.4 (35.2-45.7) Female 59.6 (54.3-64.8) Age (dichotomized by mean) 15 to 16 54.4 (37.0-70.8) 17 to 19 45.6 (29.2-63.0) Type of school Public 94.2 (79.9-98.5) Private 5.8 (1.5-20.1) Mother's schooling (years of study) 0 to 7 57.0 (44.5-68.7) 8 or more 43.0 (31.3-55.5) Social Vulnerability Index High vulnerability 72.1 (44.4-89.4) (Classes I and II) Low vulnerability (Classes 27.9 (10.6-55.6) III, IV and V) Frequency of alcohol consumption Never 53.1 (48.1-58.0) 1 to 4 times a month 37.9 (34.1-41.9) 2 or more times a week 9.0 (6.6-12.1) * Possible alcohol dependence Abstinence to low risk use Hazardous use to possible 83.6 (74.8-89.7) dependence 16.4 (10.3-25.2) * Possible alcohol dependence.
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