Bostrichids, along with many other wood-boring insects, are often accidentally introduced inside solid wood packing material
in containerized cargo (Haack 2006).
15 (ISPM-15) standard for heat treatment of solid wood packing material
for efficacy in killing overwintering A.
Bark and wood-boring beetles.--A "Hot Zone" survey between the USDA APHIS PPQ and the Indiana CAPS program targeted invasive Solid Wood Packing Material
(SWPM) pests at 51 sites continued in Indiana in 2005 (Solid Wood Packing Material
China is the latest addition to the list of countries, including the United States and Canada, that regulate solid wood packing material
to prevent introducing new pests.
will require all solid wood packing material
from China to go through special treatment before being delivered to the U.S.
Bostrichid beetles have frequently been found on crates, dunnage, and pallets (collectively termed "solid wood packing material
") (SWPM) arriving from other countries (Haack 2006).
Solid wood packing material
as a pathway for nonindigenous species.
One particularly important avenue for importing pests is solid wood packing material
Commercialization of microwave processes to eradicate exotic pests infesting lumber may provide a useful tool for nations endeavoring to exclude these invasive pests from inadvertently crossing their borders in wood pallets and crates or other forms of solid wood packing material
. Introduction of pine wood nematodes (PWN) [Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (Steiner and Buhrer) Nickle] and cerambycids, such as the Asian longhorned beetle Anoplophora glabripennis (Motsch.) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) (ALB) into new habitats threaten forest resources around the world (USDA APHIS 1998, Nowak et al.
In 1998, a federal executive order was issued requiring that any solid wood packing material
from China either be heat-treated or fumigated, he pointed out.
"Members of the Biological Control Institute of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS) consider ALB as one of the most serious forest pests in China," according to the USDA/APHIS Initial Pest Risk Assessment on Solid Wood Packing Material
from China (USDA 1998b).
This summer, the European Union (EU) announced that it would impose emergency measures for coniferous solid wood packing material
(SWPM) originating in China, Japan, Canada, and the United States to reduce the spread of the pinewood nematode intercepted in several recent shipments to Finland, France, and Sweden.