However, the organic matters would decompose and evaporate during the incineration process, and its content in the MSWI fly ash was generally below 2%, thus it meant that the treatment and remediation of heavy metals had become the main target in the stabilization/solidification process of MSWI fly ash.
Also, Dermatas and Meng  pointed out that the most obvious shortcoming of cement stabilization/solidification was high capacity, weight increased rate, and poor long-term stability.
From the above, cement-based stabilization/solidification could effectively fix the heavy metal in the cement with the advantages of simple operation, low cost, and high strength of cement solidified body, but it also gave rise to poor stability, high capacity, and weight increased rate.
Grubb, "Assessment of cement kiln dust (CKD) for stabilization/solidification
(S/S) of arsenic contaminated soils," Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol.
Li, "Effect of magnesium oxychloride cement on stabilization/solidification of sewage sludge," Construction and Building Materials, vol.
Roux, "The effectiveness of the stabilization/solidification process on the leachability and toxicity of the tannery sludge chromium," Journal of Environmental Management, vol.
Poon, "Influence of lead on stabilization/solidification by ordinary Portland cement and magnesium phosphate cement," Chemosphere, vol.
Stabilization/solidification of petroleum drill cuttings: leaching studies, Journal of Hazardous Materials 174(1-3): 484-491.
State of practice reports, UK stabilization/solidification treatment and remediation--testing and performance criteria, in Al-Tabbaa, A.; Stegemann, J.
As known, the main mechanisms involved in the stabilization/solidification of oil-contaminated soils are chemical fixation and physical encapsulation or adsorption [13, 24].
Al-Tabbaa, "Process envelopes for stabilization/solidification of contaminated soil using limeslag blend," Environmental Science and Pollution Research, vol.