Huang, "A high-frequency surface wave radar ionospheric clutter model for mixed-path propagation with the second-order sea scattering," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol.
Biyang, "Adaptive ionospheric clutter suppression based on subarrays in monostatic HF surface wave radar," IEE Proceedings--Radar, Sonar and Navigation, vol.
 "HF Surface Wave Radar," [Accessed: 16-Jun-2017] Available: http://www.diginext.fr/en/offer/critical-operation-support-systems/hf-surface- wave-radar.
Grasso, "A network of HF surface wave radars for maritime surveillance: Preliminary results in the German Bight," in Proceedings of the 2014 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2014, pp.
Caption: LEFT: This figure illustrates the day/night performance of Raytheon's high frequency surface wave radar
(HFSWR), used for surveillance of ship traffic within the 200 nautical mile (nm) exclusive economic zone (EEZ).
High frequency surface wave radar (HFSWR) refers to a classification of radar which operates in the HF band (3-30 MHz) and utilizes the surface wave mode of propagation.
Barry, "Channel availability for east coast high frequency surface wave radar systems," Tech.
Ground-based high frequency (3-30 MHz) surface wave radar (HFSWR) and microwave (S-band: ~3 GHz or X-band: ~10 GHz) marine radar have been widely used in ocean remote sensing for over four decades.
In the paper titled "The Vertical Ionosphere Parameters Inversion for High Frequency Surface Wave Radar," an inversion method utilizing range-Doppler spectrum of HFSWR radar is proposed to extract ionosphere information, such as the electron density, the plasma frequency of irregularities, and the plasma drift velocity of irregularities, from the ionospheric clutter.
Sevgi, "Radar cross-section (rcs) analysis of high frequency surface wave radar targets," Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, vol.
Ponsford, "Surveillance of the 200 nautical mile Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) using High Frequency Surface Wave Radar (HFSWR)," Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing, vol.
Hung, "An investigation in interference suppression for HF surface wave radar