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References in periodicals archive ?
In addition, Watson said, high systolic blood pressure is more prevalent, because of natural changes in blood pressure as people age.
"Lifetime exposure to elevated systolic blood pressure may be associated with an increased risk of major valvular heart disease, suggesting that blood pressure lowering might be a useful strategy for prevention of this condition," the authors write.
Vital Data of Study of Postmenopausal Group and Premenopausal Group Parameter Postmenopausal Group Premenopausal Group (Mean [+ or -] SD) (Mean [+ or -] SD) Pulse (beats/min) 82.16 [+ or -] 2.13 80.76 [+ or -] 2.0 Systolic Blood Pressure 121 [+ or -] 2.75 119 [+ or -] 3.10 (mmHg) Diastolic Blood Pressure 81.76 [+ or -] 2.16 80.28 [+ or -] 4.04 Parameter t Value p Value Significance Pulse (beats/min) 3.37 <0.01 HS Systolic Blood Pressure 3.68 <0.0001 HS (mmHg) Diastolic Blood Pressure 2.28 <0.05 S (mmHg)
"Also, when we looked at differences in blood pressure over time within individuals, comparing years when they lived in an area with a smoke-free law to years when they didn't, systolic blood pressure was lower on average when they lived in an area with smoke-free laws, after accounting for overall trends in blood pressure and for how people's levels of risk factors like diet and physical activity changed over the study period," Mayne explained.
In this study, whereas there was not a statistically significance difference between the diastolic blood pressure values measured by the female and male students, a statistically significant difference existed between the systolic blood pressure values measured by the female and male students (p<0.05).
"What we're observing from the combined dietary intervention is a reduction in systolic blood pressure as high as, if not greater than, that achieved with prescription drugs."
Participants were sorted into four groups based on their baseline systolic blood pressure: 120-129, 130-139, 140-149 and 150 or greater baseline systolic blood pressure.
The researchers found that systolic blood pressure was 2.7AaAaAeAc mmHg low and diastolic blood pressure was 1.5 mmHg lower when participants ate around 60 grams of rolled oats (a packed half-cup raw oats) or 25 grams of oat bran per day.
Patients with both type 2 diabetes and acute heart failure face a significantly lower risk of death but a higher risk of heart failure-related hospitalisation if they have had high systolic blood pressure on discharge from the hospital compared to those with normal blood pressure.
Controlling systolic blood pressure to a target of 120 mm Hg, compared with the standard target of 140 mm Hg, reduces a composite outcome (myocardial infarction, acute coronary syndrome, stroke, congestive heart failure, or cardiovascular death) by 25% and a secondary outcome of all-cause mortality by 27% in patients ages 50 and older with cardiovascular risk factors (but not diabetes or previous stroke).
Each 10-mm Hg reduction in systolic blood pressure was associated with a 20% reduction in major cardiovascular disease events (95% confidence interval, 0.77-0.83), a 17% reduction in coronary heart disease (95% CI, 0.78-0.88), a 27% reduction in stroke (95% CI, 0.68-0.77), and a 28% reduction in heart failure (95% CI, 0.67-0.78), based on the meta-analysis published by the Lancet.
Exactly how much your systolic blood pressure (the upper number in the reading) should be lowered remains debatable, and a new study may further fuel the debate.