Finally, both ACA (2005) and NBCC (2005) have published ethical guidelines for TADC practice.
For TADC and TADS separately, we then asked them (a) to describe additional regulations (if any) that were not currently displayed on the website, (b) to describe new regulations (if any) that had been approved by the board but that had not yet been enacted into law, (c) to describe new regulations (if any) that were currently under consideration by the board, and (d) to elaborate generally on the board's expressed views regarding the legitimacy of TADP and the degree to which it has or will become a priority for board consideration.
Even smaller percentages of states fell into the category of having TADC and TADS regulations not yet in effect but in formal stages of development or legal ratification.
The remaining majority favored greater levels of independent regulation, viewing TADC and TADS to be specialty areas that are clearly distinct from traditional counseling and supervision practices, respectively.
A majority of boards (60%) supported conditional authorization, restricting TADC to situations in which distance or other hardships would prevent service delivery through traditional means (e.
In states where TADP was permitted, current and proposed regulations ranged from a broad requirement to meet legal requirements of any jurisdiction in which an electronic presence is maintained (40%) to more specific standards requiring licensure in each state where TADC is practiced (60%).
Specifically, only one had enacted a formal requirement for preservice training specific to TADC practice; it required advance board approval of all such training without specifying minimal standards for its content and method of delivery.
Nevertheless, boards favoring more regulation were among the minority in this study, with only two boards requiring consumers to complete a separate informed consent form for TADC prior to engaging in it.
Counselor adherence to ethical standards of practice in the delivery of TADC service was of concern to every board that had authorized it, and all boards cited the current ACA (2005) and NBCC (2005) standards specific to TADC as their criteria for evaluating ethicality.
As a likely result, the few regulations that have been enacted require independent board approval of each TADC provider's reimbursement rate.
Whereas TADC has received greater emphasis than TADS in existing regulations, TADS is a common area of concern and has been prohibited altogether in more states than has TADC.