MANOVA was conducted to examine differences in physical characteristics, dietary calcium intake, calcium knowledge, TBMC and TBMD, and KPAS scores between participants meeting and not meeting the DRI for calcium.
Age, height, weight, body mass index, fat mass, fat-free mass, TBMC and TBMD, dietary calcium intake, and KPAS scores are reported in Table 1.
Associations among Calcium Knowledge, Dietary Calcium Intake, TBMC and TBMD
Table 2 presents Pearson correlation coefficients for associations among calcium knowledge, dietary calcium intake, TBMC and TBMD, FM and FFM, and KPAS scores.
Results revealed a significant negative correlation between calcium knowledge and TBMC and TBMD.
Multivariate analysis of variance was conducted to examine differences in calcium knowledge score, TBMC and TBMD, fat mass and fat-free mass, and KPAS scores between participants meeting and not meeting the DRI for calcium revealed a significant multivariate effect, F (14, 27) = 4.