TBVCTranskei, Bophuthatswana, Venda and Ciskei (South African states)
TBVCTampa Bay Vizsla Club (Tampa Bay, FL)
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The mean weight of the female rats of the Control group, TBVC and TCVC presented very similar values, with no significant statistical difference observed among these groups from day zero to day 21 of pregnancy.
Some female rats of the TBVC and TCVC groups attained a weight gain above 80 g at the end of pregnancy.
However, of the six female rats mated from the TBVC group, only five reached the end of their pregnancy (83.
Table 2 Number of female rats milted, full term pregnancy and loss rates (%) before and after implantation of the blastocyst in the pregnant rats of the Control, TBVC and TCVC groups.
Table 4 Weight of the placentas {placental weight) of the female rats from the Control, TBVC and TCVC groups, expressed as mean and standard deviation.
In CODESA's preliminary discussions, and through five different working groups established to deal with particular issues, the National Party and the ANC (as the most significant participants) were able to agree on a number of key transitional issues: the value of implementing the National Peace Accord, the need for controlling the security forces, the use of a Transitional Executive Council to help achieve eventual free and fair elections, and the reincorporation into South Africa of the TBVC states.
These forces included Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK), the SADF, the Azanian People's Liberation Army (APLA), and the armed forces of the four TBVC states (Transkei, Bophuthatswana, Venda and Ciskei).
Another reason why Kwa-Ndebele did not become independent is the lack of international recognition of independent Bantustans, evidenced by the position of the former TBVC states in international politics.
This focus is adopted not because the SADF was the only armed formation guilty of human rights violations (Umkhonto We Sizwe -- MK, the Azanian People's Liberation Army -- APLA and the TBVC armies -- the Transkei Defence Force, Bophuthatswana Defence Force, Venda Defence Force and Ciskei Defence Force -- were certainly also guilty in this regard) but simply because the sheer scope and scale of their activities was such that it dwarfs those of the other armed forces currently comprising the new SANDF.
Neither the liberation armies (MK and APLA) nor the TBVC armies were exempt from allegations of brutality and human rights violations.
The capacity of the non-SADE forces (MK, APLA and the TBVC armies) to influence the restructuring process and to impel the SANDF to engage the TRC process on a more serious basis was limited by the positions within which they were placed within the SANDF during the integration process; the de facto authority which these posts carried; and by the training requirements which they were required to fulfil prior to being confirmed in their ranks.
The fact that the integration process relied on SADE structures and practises created the conditions for what was effectively to become the "absorption" of most Non-Statutory Forces (NSF) and TBVC personnel into the structures of the "new" SANDF (although this absorption process was uneven within and between the various levels of the organisation).