In studying the grief and loss experiences of TCKs
more broadly, Gilbert (2008) found that TCKs
, including MKs, consistently experienced uncertainties regarding safety and trust, identity, and sense of belonging.
are becoming even more common in Japan, and it is no surprise.
'A Third Culture Kid (TCK
) is a person who has spent a significant part of his or her developmental years outside the parent's culture.
are privileged to experience this in another culture and have the opportunity to compare and contrast lifestyles and living standards.
Cockburn (2002) suggested that TCKs
(especially those with special needs) are vulnerable to risks related to frequent school change.
A population of students about which limited research has been published in the counseling field is third culture kids (TCKs
In situations such as these, I seem to illustrate what the literature on third culture kids portray as the common generic reactions TCKs
have to their experiences.
[third culture kids] maintain global dimensions in their local lives.
In addition to the cross-cultural elements of their upbringing, TCKs
share a mobile lifestyle, finding change to be an ironic constant, whether their own family is moving or other expatriates around them do so (Schaetti & Ramsey, 1999b).
and their parents spoke to Gulf News about their identity, loyalties and sense of belonging.
In a presentation to the Pacific Region Education Symposium in Honolulu, Hawaii, July 7, 2006, Nancy Bresell, Director of DoDDS Pacific/DDESS Guam, described how DoDEA schools have used the work of Pollock and Van Reken (2001) on "third culture kids" (TCKs
) to inform the development of their programs.
Nokia and Vodafone, in conjunction with Sun Microsystems, would define the licensing framework of the initiative, while the role of creating and licensing the Technology Compatibility Kits (TCKs
) for JSR 248 and 249 would be undertaken by Sun Microsystems.