2.19) indicates a long-term increase in TCWV at all latitudes, with less variability outside the tropics.
Hovmoller plot of TCWV anomalies (mm; base period 1981-2010) including both land and ocean derived from the JRA-55 reanalysis
27.2c; conducive to a decrease in JAS rainfall in SEA) and an increase in TCWV (Fig.
27.2d; conducive to higher JAS rainfall in SEA), and higher TCWV (Fig.
Figure 1 represents the evolution of TCWV before, during, and after a blocking situation.
In the period 12-21 June, the spatial distribution of TCWV over Europe was still close to the climatological distribution.
The various reanalysis products, COSMIC, and GNSS are in good agreement throughout the record and all show a subtle increase in TCWV, similar to over ocean.
2.17) indicates that the long-term increase in TCWV is occurring at all latitudes, with less variability outside the tropics.
The study uses time series of the TCWV
and water vapor mixing ratio profiles from ground-based remote sensing instruments and in situ soundings from five GRUAN sites (Lindenberg, Payerne, Potenza, Sodankyla, and Southern Great Plains) during 201012 and demonstrates the potential of entropy and mutual correlation, defined in information theory, as metrics for quantifying synergies.
Thus, although high TCWV bands appear to move and extend eastward in satellite animations, their leading ends are actually the manifestation of moisture convergence associated with warm conveyor belts that move with the extratropical cyclone (Bao et al.
To further elucidate the physical processes responsible for high TCWV band formation, Boutle et al.
2.14) shows that the long-term increase in TCWV
is occurring at