Although most food banks receive TEFAP commodities, they are stocked primarily with privately donated foodstuffs, coming from a variety of sources.
There is no federal law regulating the distribution of privately donated foodstuffs; however, emergency food assistance providers who receive TEFAP commodities must comply with state criteria for determining which households are eligible to receive food for home consumption.
Republicans' preference for TEFAP certainly reflects to some extent their growing affection for private charities as delivery mechanisms for social services.
The bias in favor of TEFAP is ironic since it denies the choice of what foods to purchase that food stamp recipients enjoy; choice in the capacity of a consumer, clearly, is not respected to the same degree that other types are.
The nutrition title's second-largest share of new spending is for TEFAP, with estimated additional outlays of $526 million over FY2008-FY2012 and $1.
In contrast, the Senate bill's food stamp provisions accounted for 66% of its total, compared to 21% for the fruit and vegetable initiative and 10% for TEFAP.
They both significantly increase guaranteed spending for TEFAP
Surplus products are provided to TEFAP, as well as the National School Lunch Program, the Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations, and other USDA nutrition assistance programs.
Nearly 90 healthy products - including canned fruits and vegetables, dried beans, grains and pasta products, milk, juice, and meat products are provided through TEFAP to local soup kitchens, food pantries, and community action agencies across the country.
All farm bill domestic nutrition assistance programs, except for the CSFP and the administrative/distribution-cost component of TEFAP
, are treated as mandatory entitlements for budget purposes.
Commodity stocks used to provide food for hurricane victims will have to be replenished in order to continue regular food assistance under school meal programs, the CSFP, the FDPIR, and TEFAP
The conference agreement also reauthorizes TEFAP
through FY2007, increases funding for TEFAP
food purchases by $40 million a year, and raises the appropriations authorization for distribution costs from $50 million to $60 million a year.