According to the Court, there is no factor that could justify the conclusion that relations between Gibraltar and the UK may be regarded, for the purposes of Article 56 TFEU
, as akin to those existing between two Member States.
We begin, however, with a brief examination of the TFEU
rules on services as well as the Services Directive, the cause celebre of EU legislation.
test of illegality, anticompetitive intent, competition on the merits, Article 101 TFEU
, Article 102 TFEU
However, these concerns and, more generally, the increased skepticism towards the validity and value of intellectual property are perhaps most likely to be reflected in the EU Commission's enforcement in the area of unilateral conduct under Article 102 TFEU
in the years to come.
To the horror of most German-speaking EU law experts, she took the position, advanced by the French, the EU Commission, the ECB, and Club Med leaders, that Article 127(6) TFEU
would do as a legal basis for transferring national bank supervisory powers to the ECB.
Isabelle Thomas (S&D, France), rapporteur for the Committee on Fisheries (PECH) on compliance with the TFEU
of the fisheries control regulation, assessed this exercise for Europolitics.
Finally, he turns to the application of the articles of the TFEU
to banking, discussing card payment systems and associated antitrust issues, relevant European Commission decisions and European Court of Justice case law, and comparative analysis of US regulations for their lessons for a possible alternative regulatory framework.
Poland, finding that its industry, which uses coal extensively, was harmed by this decision and that the measure infringed both the TFEU
and the ETS Directive, brought an action in July 2011 before the EU General Court.
The analysed Article 101 TFEU
and vague evaluation criteria for when an information exchange amounts to an infringement of Article 101 TFEU
may well deter generation and utilisation of deliberately acquired productive information (entrepreneurial information) and may thus hinder entrepreneurial activity.
The issue of direct effect of EU regulations was highlighted for the first time in connection with the EEC (European Economic Community) Treaty provision, the former article 12, and present article 25 from TFEU
(Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union), in the case known as the Van Gend en Loos.
Moreover, the general policy requiring re-registration by all EU citizens can be seen as discriminating against EU nationals (and thus violating Article 18 TFEU
, Article 24 of Directive 2004/38) because it imposes an additional burden on EU citizens which Cypriot nationals in similar situations do not have to suffer.
was designed especially for the situation we find ourselves in now, where we don't have the time for a new treaty to all agree on.