These figures also do not capture the growing number of migrant workers who entered Canada under International Mobility Programs (IMPS) rather than under the TFWP
Changes to the TFWP
in 2002 and 2006 expanded the program to include low-and medium-skilled occupations, including construction, retail, hospitality and general labour (Fudge and McPhail 2009).
19) Workers arriving under SAWP and the Agricultural Stream within the Stream for Lower-Skilled Occupations are unaffected by the recent reforms to the TFWP
, since the Canadian government asserts that there continues to be labour shortages in this particular industry and that unfilled jobs are "truly temporary.
A job grant that is all show and no substance and a TFWP
that benefits employers but not Canadian workers do nothing to stimulate the economy or reduce unemployment.
La introduccion del TFWP
para los trabajos poco calificados en Canada, por ejemplo, ha colocado a los paises y trabajadores participantes en el SAWP en una injusta desventaja competitiva respecto a otros paises no participantes debido a que los derechos contenidos en el programa federal mas amplio son menos estrictos que los negociados especificamente para el SAWP.
In 2014, the TFWP
was overhauled under the previous government to include a $1,000 processing fees imposed on employers, a restriction of four years for workers to stay in Canada, and stricter onsite inspections at workplaces where temporary foreign workers were hired.
The anger that swept the country around the TFWP
even forced the usually unmoveable Harper regime to modify the program (although not really addressing the underlying objections to this oppressive program).
add questions to employer LMO applications to ensure that the TFWP
is not used to facilitate the outsourcing of Canadian jobs;
A full explication of the TFWP
is beyond the scope of this paper (for overviews, see Nakache and Kinoshita 2010; Foster 2012); however, a number of elements of the program's purpose and design are relevant here.
Yet during the election campaign, the issue--including the impacts of reforms to the TFWP
in 2014--largely disappeared from view.
The Coalition for Migrant Worker Rights Canada (CMWRC), an umbrella alliance of migrant rights advocates in six provinces, is backing the review of the TFWP
but is urging the federal government to work with the migrant worker sector in creating changes.