1st race: Tibr
Al Shajaa (Marco Monteriso) 1, Ostarah Dukhan 2, Majdan 3, Dheeb Al Shajaa 4.
Several barriers outlined in the previous three reports of the TIBR
persist, however, and continue to significantly hamper market access for EU firms.
Our analysis of manuscripts published in JIBS, MIR, JWB, and TIBR is presented in Table 1.
Excluding the 17 conceptual studies (mostly on the Islamic finance and banking industry) published in TIBR reduces this statistic to 4.1 percent (27 studies 654).
Without the conceptual studies, the aforementioned statistic dwindles to an upper limit of 10 percent (i.e., 14 empirical studies in TIBR).
The mode of empirical studies compares relatively less favorably to conceptual studies (18 out of 44 studies; 41 percent) that mostly appear in TIBR Special issues devoted to Islamic finance.
Al-Khama'il (1946; "Thickets") was printed in Beirut, as was the posthumous Tibr
wa-turab (1960; "Gold and Dust").
While possibly computer-friendly, the employment of capitals for abridged titles (here abridged authors' names plus titles) produces such ungainly monsters as HISNFM or GTMNM; they hardly save space as against Hunayn or Ghazali, Tibr
. Since there is no general agreement among Arabists on the acronyms chosen, too much is asked even from a dedicated reader to memorize them.