TIWLTumor-Induced Weight Loss
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The release of cytokines also contributes to appetite suppression in TIWL (Bowers, 2001).
TIWL can negatively affect response to therapy, quality of life, and survival (see Table 2).
These strategies have had only limited success in reversing TIWL (Barber, Fearon, Delmore, & Loprinzi, 1998; Chlebowski, Palomares, Lillington, & Grosvenor, 1996; Copeland, 1998).
The use of conventional tube feeding for persons with TIWL has not been studied thoroughly.