TMR and TMRF feed related treatments yielded higher body weight gains than were seen in the control group (p<0.05).
However, these levels increased more in the TMR and TMRF feed groups relative to the controls (Table 5).
The pH values of the present experiment did not differ according to the effects of different TMR and TMRF, but all gradually decreased with the time period.
Although the present experiment did not directly use hay, it did use the TMRF and TMR, which induced a comparatively higher level of VFA production with advancing incubation period.
These results demonstrate that TMR and TMRF feed in the ration improve nutrient utilization in ruminal fermentation and is consistent with the opinions of McGilliard et al.