TOPSE is based on the self-efficacy theory developed by Albert Bandura, (10-12) and has been found to be of particular relevance to practitioners who are involved in parenting support work.
Previous studies have provided support for the reliability and validity of TOPSE. (13,14) Internal consistency reliability for each scale was estimated at baseline for the audit sample through the use of Cronbach's alpha co-efficients (see Table 1).
Parents complete the TOPSE booklet at the first session of a parenting programme and again at the final session.
During the TOPSE winter-spring campaign, photochemical [O.sub.3] production was diagnosed to dominate the [O.sub.3] budget in the Arctic troposphere with only a rather small contribution (20%) from the stratosphere (Emmons et al.
Cantrell, 2003: Tropospheric Ozone Production about the Spring Equinox (TOPSE) Experiment: Introduction.
K., and Coauthors, 2003: Budget of tropospheric ozone during TOPSE from two chemical transport models.
Trioctylphosphine selenide (TOPSe) was prepared by adding appropriate mass of selenium pellet directly in sufficient stirring TOP in a dry box to produce 1.0 M stock solution of TOPSe.
To prepare FeSe as a comparison, Fe[(CO).sub.5] was heated under the same solvent conditions to 230[degrees]C; then TOPSe was injected into the reaction vessel.
In this regard, the issue of blood feuds cannot be resolved through education services or maximizing punitive measures," Topses explained.
"Following this process, if educational institutions and legal bodies assume a function which supports the new social structure and its values, they will be helpful," Topses said in further remarks.