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([dagger]) After the global switch from trivalent oral poliovirus vaccine (tOPV, containing Sabin types 1, 2, and 3) to bivalent OPV (bOPV, containing types 1 and 3), new emergences of cVDPV2 are identified by a three-letter country code, followed by three letters representing either state, province, or region, and a digit indicating the outbreak number in that state, province, or region.
All of them were using tOPV vaccine with vaccine vial monitor (VVM) in Stage I.
This case investigation revealed that the patient received his first dose of tOPV on June 4 and the second dose on July 5, in accord with China's immunization schedule.
The TOPV to BOPV switch will occur on 25th April 2016 and the objective is to remove the P2 virus from the world, even from the vaccine.
Dr Munir said that BOPV would be used in polio campaign from the 25th of April in 15 districts and monitoring teams from the provincial office will inspect the district and tehsil store to ensure no vial of TOPV was available anywhere in the province.
In this paper, we investigate the optimization of the optical-electrical performance of a TOPV device to obtain the maximal PCE by utilizing a series of anodic buffer layers fabricated at various spin speeds.
(17-19) Although the risk of paralytic polio from the vaccine virus is 10 000 times less than for wild-type virus, 1 in 2 million for vaccine virus as against 1 in 200 for wild-type virus, it was this minute risk of vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis (VAPP) that motivated most countries in the developed world to switch from TOPV to TIPV for routine immunisation.
GPEI has not measured the speed of wild virus transmission, immunity gaps by age and SCRs of sequential doses of tOPV, mOPV or IPV.
The multiple cVDPV2 outbreaks in DRC and Nigeria reflect the risk for cVDPV2 transmission where the number of SIAs had been insufficient or the quality of SIAs had been inadequate to increase type 2 immunity before the 2016 global switch from tOPV to bOPV (9).
India was relying on Trivalent Oral Polio Vaccine (TOPV) completely till 2005 but it was seen despite the vigorous activities, it was not easy to completely wipe out WPV from community.
Another hantavirus, Topografov virus (TOPV), was isolated from brown lemmings (Lemmus sibiricus).
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- Topsy/Pokegama Landscape Analysis
- Toptan Eþya Fiyat Endeksi
- Topten International Group
- TopTour America
- Topuria, Varlam
- Topuria, Varlam Trifonovich
- Topuridze, Valentin
- Topuridze, Valentin Bagratovich
- Topzol Rat Baits and Killing Syrup
- Toque (Canadian)
- Toque (disambiguation)
- Toque Blanc
- Toque blanche
- Toquepala Caves
- Tor (genus)
- Tor (geography)