We used 3-hourly (0.25[degrees] x 0.25[degrees]) TRMM
precipitation data as a substitute to rain gauge data and SRTM data to derive the distribution of stream networks and watersheds, a substitute to information derived from topographic sheets.
Therefore, these results were complemented by the aid of the TRMM
also carries a passive microwave radiometer, the TRMM
microwave imager (TMI), which takes observations in nine channels at five frequencies--10.7, 19.35, 21.3, 37.0, and 85.5 GHz.
Because rainfall data are used as a proxy for atmospheric energy budgets, a factor crucially important to global climate models, TRMM
investigations ultimately will be significant in validating these complex numerical models and thus in improving the accuracy of climate change predictions.
(1) [B.sub.11] [left arrow] [Alpha] [A.sub.11][B.sub.11] (TRMM
Figure 2 shows that the 3-km MPAS simulations produced less frequent light precipitation (exceeding 0.1 mm [h.sup.-1]) and more frequent heavy precipitation (exceeding 5.0 mm [h.sup.-1]) when compared to CFSv2 and the 15-km MPAS run, which is more in accordance with the precipitation estimates recorded by TRMM
Subsequently, the estimated values of rainfall from the TRMM
satellite (Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission) were also obtained, as well as the average air temperature from the Global Atmospheric Model ECMWF (European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts), because this large data set allows for increased coverage of the county, for the years from 2002/03 to 2010/11 were obtained for Campo Mourao and Apucarana city for data comparison.
The spatial verification was carried out using the gridded data of the product 3B42 of the "Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission" (TRMM
3B42), which is composed of a set of global "multisatellite" precipitation analysis data with a horizontal resolution of 0.25[degrees] and time resolution of 3 h, available between 50[degrees]S and 50[degrees]N [40, 41] and of the "Peruvian Interpolate data of the SENAMHI's Climatological and Hydrological Observations" (PISCO) .
TYPHOON NEOGORI/NASA: NASA's TRMM
Satellite Sees Heavy Rainfall in Typhoon Neoguri On July 7 at 2:41 a.m.
NASA's Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission satellite called TRMM
satellite passed over Lehar and measured rainfall and cloud heights to give scientists an understanding of how the storm is behaving.
satellite provided a look under the hood of the storm and noticed the heavy rainfall at the center of its heat engine.