A primary indicator of the central role of the program for recruiting students to the toxics field is responses to a question about how much impact the funding received from the TSRTP had on the subsequent development of their careers.
More interesting is the similar role that TSRTP funding had on the faculty.
The faculty credited the TSRTP with broad impact on changing their research and teaching.
The strongest measure available from our survey of the economic impact of the TSRTP is the extent to which trainees have secured further research and development grants or contracts.
Faculty at research universities are always in the business of obtaining grants, and participants in the TSRTP program are no exception.
In 1985-1988, TSRTP funded a theoretical and bench scale study at UC Berkeley of the use of steam injection to recover solvents from contaminated soil and shallow aquifers.
The TSRTP helped stimulate economic development by providing recognizable credentials for employment in various areas of expertise in toxicology and environmental engineering as these fields emerged in economic importance.
TSRTP itself was established as a result of the state government's recognition that toxic substances posed an important problem for the continued economic development and environmental integrity of the state.
As shown in Table 3, former TSRTP trainees currently work in academia (46%), private industry (36%), and the public sector (15%).
At the time of the follow-up survey, an additional 4 businesses were started, for a total of 23 new businesses coming from TSRTP graduates.
While we lack the exact number of new jobs that were created by TSRTP graduates, we can estimate that conservatively at least 200 jobs were the result of efforts by previous trainees.
While technology transfer was an indirect focus of TSRTP, research activities the program has funded have led to the development and deployment of new technology, new industrial processes, and new management approaches.