TTWATravel to Work Areas (UK)
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More specifically, they illustrate the change between 2000/01 and 2014/15 in the [pounds sterling] value of imports from China and the A8, measured in 2007 prices, per job across 243 TTWAs. Local measures of exposure to import competition reflect the detailed product composition of imports, mapped to the industrial structure of jobs in the local area in 2000.
On average (unweighted) across TTWAs, the increase in UK goods imports from China per job between 2000/01 and 2014/15 is 1,004 [pounds sterling] measured in 2007 prices in this dataset.
Importantly, for identification purposes, there is substantial variation in the change in exposure to import competition from China and the A8 across TTWAs. This means we can contrast developments in those areas where import competition rose dramatically to those where it rose less to gauge the effects of import competition on local labour markets, much as has been done in studies for the USA and other European countries.
12100 et seq.), and nearly five (5) years since passage of the Ticket to Work Act, (TTWA) ((Public Law 106-170), yet federal and state policy makers still struggle to find solutions addressing the needs of working age adults with disabling conditions and illnesses who choose to leave employment because of chronic mental and physical health conditions.
The TTWA's laudable intention was to address this untenable choice faced by workers, giving them a substantial "grace period" of remaining qualified for public health benefits while they underwent retraining and reentered the job marker.
Conditions such as cancer, diabetes, cvd, musculoskeletal conditions and sensory impairments are markers for "age" and reflect the progression of baby boomers heading towards retirement age, and do not necessarily reflect improvement in disability outcomes or TTWA retraining programs.