The subsequent chapters deal with the same issues as the TWFD and apply to 'television broadcasts.'
Great importance continues to be placed on anti-discrimination measures and as such the provision on incitement to hatred remains the same as under the TWFD but is now article 3(b) within Chapter IIA in order to reflect the fact that this provision is so important that it should cover both types of service.
Such images accompany or are included in a programme in return for payment or for similar consideration or for self promotional purposes.' The provisions from the TWFD in terms of advertising content and its nature, such as the prohibition on tobacco and advertising which is prejudicial to human dignity are also provided by the new article 3e.
The first, under article 3h, is that Member States should ensure that the services under their jurisdiction 'which might seriously impair the physical, mental or moral development of minors are only made available in such a way that ensures that minors will not normally hear or see such on-demand services.' [Emphasis added] This is significant in that it is less stringent than the TWFD, the original proposal and the provisions for 'television broadcasting' later in the AVMS.
The provisions are largely identical to the TWFD with no changes to the measures in relation to European works and independent broadcasts.
The allowance of a second interruption, if the scheduled duration was at least 20 minutes longer than two complete periods of 45 minutes, under article 11 TWFD, has also been removed.
In March 2002, the Member of the European Commission responsible for Education and Culture (now: Information Society and Media), Viviane Reding, presented three options for addressing the relevant issues: (A) the comprehensive, complete overhaul of the Directive, (B) a moderate revision, which would be restricted to specific parts of TWFD only, and (C) the preparation of a Working Programme which, at a later stage, could lead to initiating a review process.
to restart a reflection and consultation phase, are the most obvious reservations made; in substance, however, the moment seemed to have come to seriously consider revising TWFD. In autumn 2004, the so-called Focus Groups--convening under the presidency of the Commission and invited to be led, in their discussion, by working papers prepared by it--consequently started to debate the policy options eventually to be recommended for future regulatory action.
Before and after the Liverpool Conference, different versions of drafts, focusing on the definition component in a revised TWFD, were in circulation.
The revision of the TWFD has finally become reality.
(2) Similarly, at a later stage, the decision whether the TWFD or the eCommerce Directive should apply to "broadcasting over the Internet" has not been taken in a formal way: in the reasons of motivation accompanying the Commission's proposal for the eCommerce Directive it was stated that 'simulcast' was to be covered by TWFD.
Saarbruck/Bruxelles Chronology of general and specific media and ICT policy developments 1988 Liberalisation of TTE 1989 Adoption of "Television without Frontiers" Directive 1990 Liberalisation of Telecommunications Services (ONP) 1994 Liberalisation of Satellite Communications 1995 Start of First Review of TWFD 1995 Use of Cable Networks for Liberalised TC Services 1996 Liberalisation of Mobile Communications 1997 Adoption of Amendment to TWFD 1997 Convergence Green Paper 1998 Full Liberalisation of Voice Telephony Services 1998 Technical Standards Transparency Directives 1998 High Level Group ("Oreja"-) Report 1997- Telecommunications Package (i.a.