TWSMETwo-Way Shape Memory Effect
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* Two-way shape memory effect (TWSME) or reversible SME: In addition to the one-sided effect, bi-directional SMA (TWSMA) can remember both high and low temperature shape.
In addition to the TWSME material above, the prejudicial OWSMA actuator can also function as a 'mechanical TWSME' at a macroscopic (structural) level; more robust, reliable, and widely applied in many engineering applications (Sun et al., 2012).