Widely referred to as tax and expenditure limitations (TELs) the most commonly known are California's Proposition 13, Massachusetts' Proposition 21/2 and Colorado's Taxpayers Bill of Rights (TABOR).
The majority of the tax and expenditure limitations literature has focused on one basic question: have TELs altered how state and local governments conduct business and if so, in what way?
In general, total debt was negatively associated with GO debt limitations and state revenue-debt limitations, but tax and expenditure limitations increased the use of state debt.
This heterogeneity is a major reason researchers of tax and expenditure limitations have often taken a case study approach focusing on a particular state.
(2001) "Limiting Government through Direct Democracy: The Case of State Tax and Expenditure Limitations", Policy Analysis No.
(1999) "Tax and Expenditure Limitations and the Fiscal Relationships between State and Local Governments", Public Choice, 99(1-2): 77-102.
It reports data for TELs adoption and special district formations, as well as an empirical framework to identify the effect of tax and expenditure limitations. Due to this focus, other explanatory factors will be briefly noted as will nonfiscal typologies on special-purpose governments (c.f., Carr & Farmer, 2011; Foster, 1997).
Source: Census of Governments (1982-2002) Tax and expenditure limitations Property tax A property tax limitation on general-purpose limitations local governments.
"The Interrelatedness of Tax and Expenditure Limitations and Education Finance Reform." Journal of Regional Analysis and Policy, 32(1), 2002, 49-65.
"Tax Limitations and Government Growth: The Effect of State Tax and Expenditure Limitations on State and Local Government." Unpublished manuscript, 1996.
"The Effect of Tax and Expenditure Limitations on the Revenue Structure of Local Government, 1962-1987." National Tax Journal, 52(2), 1999, 221-38.