A comparison of the immediate changes in subjects with chronic lower back pain effected by lower back pain exercises and direct stretching of the tensor fasciae latae
, the hamstring and the adductor magnus.
Get to know at least the CliffsNotes version of your anatomy: The main muscles responsible for lifting your leg front and side are your psoas core muscle, your quadriceps and your tensor fasciae latae
(TFL) at the top of your outer thigh.
Haas et al., "Clinical experience with a tensor fasciae latae
perforator flap based on septocutaneous perforators," Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery, vol.
Additionally, there was a decreased of muscular deep sensitivity and decreased muscular tonus of the tensor fasciae latae
muscle and quadriceps femoris muscle.
The muscle-tendon actuators evaluated were as follows (Figure 1b): gluteus maximus (1 segment, glut max), gluteus medius (3 segments, glut med 1-3), gluteus minimus (3 segments, glut min 1-3), piriformis (pir), sartorius (sar) and tensor fasciae latae
After shaving and cleaning the skin of the patient with cotton and 70% alcohol, 1 cm disc shaped bipolar surface electrodes (Ag AgCl-1 surface with foam and solid gel) connected to the preamps in center-to-center interelectrode distance of 2 cm (Malek et al., 2006; Espindula et al., 2012) were placed on the following left lower limb muscles: Gluteus Medius, Tensor Fasciae Latae
, Rectus Femoris, Vastus medialis, Vastus lateralis, Biceps Femoris, Tibialis Anterior and Gastrocnemius (Lateral Subdivision), and the reference electrode was placed on the left lateral malleolus.
The anterior border of the gluteus medius was identified, and the tensor fasciae latae
was retracted anteriorly.
It is called 'hip hiking'2 where a weak gluteus medius or gluteus minimus will force the QL in conjunction with tensor fasciae latae
to become the compensatory prime movers of hip abduction.
The approach can be extended proximally along the interval between the sartorius and tensor fasciae latae
in what would be an anterior approach to the hip joint.
Stock, "Tensor fasciae latae
perforator flap for reconstruction of composite Achilles tendon defects with skin and vascularized fascia," Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, vol.
Ultrasound is useful in evaluating the following tendons about the hip: iliopsoas, rectus femoris, sartorius, tensor fasciae latae
and iliotibial band, common adductor, pectineus, distal rectus abdominis and conjoined tendon, gluteus medius, gluteus minimus, and common hamstring origin.
adductor (344.60 [+ or -] 35.45 g), biceps femoris (1,449.40 [+ or -] 178.83 g), gastrocneminus (903.10 [+ or -] 173.36 g), gluteus medius (894.30 [+ or -] 136.16 g), gluteus superrificialis (245.60 [+ or -] 66.98 g), gracilis (287.50 [+ or -] 20.59 g), rectus femoris (456.20 [+ or -] 76.72 g), semimembranosus (1,154.30 [+ or -] 138.71 g), semitendinosus (493.00 [+ or -] 34.38 g), vastus intermedius (302.30 [+ or -] 29.70 g), tensor fasciae latae
(213.20 [+ or -] 29.72 g), vastus lateralis (369.30 [+ or -] 40.48 g)) and loin (m.