The tropical western Pacific (TWP) warm pool is a uniquely important region for Earth's climate system.
The intensive sampling of actinic flux, ozone, water vapor, and other active species will allow constrained photochemical calculation of hydroxyl radical over the TWP, which will lead to a better understanding of the processes that control atmospheric oxidation capacity in the tropical western Pacific. Oxidation processes in the tropical atmosphere play a major role in the global budget of many trace gases, including greenhouse gases.
J., and Coauthors, 2017: The NASA Airborne Tropical Tropopause Experiment (ATTREX): High-altitude aircraft measurements in the tropical western Pacific. Bull.
M., and Coauthors, 2016: An observationally constrained evaluation of the oxidative capacity in the tropical western Pacific troposphere.
--, and Coauthors, 2015: Bimodal distribution of free tropospheric ozone over the tropical western Pacific revealed by airborne observations.
Parsons, 1999: A mechanism for the intrusion of dry air into the tropical western Pacific region.
Due to the reversal of the prevailing wind direction, piled-up warm water in the tropical western Pacific
flows eastward toward South America as triggered by oceanic Kelvin waves and deepens the thermocline off the coast of South America, which causes a rise in sea level in the eastern Pacific.
Scientists ran multiple month-long simulations of summer storm clouds using data from three areas with different levels of pollution, humidity, and wind: the tropical western Pacific
, southeastern China, and the Great Plains in Oklahoma.